What Are The Different types of Pacifism?


Pacifism opposes any war or violence as a means of settling the differences. According to the pacifists, a war declared by a state and the participants that fight the war on the behalf of the country is wrong. They strongly believe that any sort of conflict can be resolved without resorting to war.


There are multiple types of pacifism practiced by people across the world, but all of them say that the violence and the war to resort to an issue is unjustifiable.


Why Do People Practice Pacifism?


There are different reasons for that as well. Some people practice it for religious reasons, while others practice it to maintain the sanctity of life.


There is yet another group of people who considers that war is a wasteful affair that destroys both human life as well as the environment. According to these people, most of the time war does not resolve the main issue. Instead, it keeps the issue alive for years, if not centuries.


What Are The Different Types of Pacifism?


Absolute pacifism


The pacifists who believe in this type of pacifism think that taking part in a war is never right. They believe that people should not consort to violence even in self-defence. According to them, the lives of humans are extremely valuable, and there is absolutely nothing that can justify the act of killing another human being.


Conditional Pacifism


People who practice this type of pacifism are against violence and war in principle. However, they accept the reality and acknowledge that there might be some cases where the alternative to the war can be worse.


Selective Pacifism


There is yet another group of pacifists who consider the degree of violence and war and oppose them accordingly. These pacifists only oppose the war that involves weapons and leads to mass destruction. They strongly oppose the use of the nuclear, biological and chemical weapons in a war. Most probably, because of the level of the destruction and the reason that these ways are not winnable.


Active Pacifism


These are the pacifists who are heavily involved in political activities to promote peace. They often weigh the political impact of the war and argue against some particular ones.


During the war, while some of the pacifists will refuse to go to the war, others will try to take every step to reduce the harmful effects of the war. It is the act of the pacifists at the critical moments that will help you to identify their ideological differences.


The Chicago Cubs was established in the year 1870 by William Hulbert. Since its birth, the club has been in the top form. They have created many records as a club. Even individual players have such records that no one could break till now. They have been one of the founder clubs of the National League. They have won 17 National League Pennants, 5 Central and 3 east division titles respectively. They have been the world champion three times- 1907, 1908, and 2016.


The cubs have gone through several evolutions starting from ownership, managers, and even their name has been changed 3 times. But their performance and ranking have been consistent throughout. They have bagged the position of 16th most valuable sports team in the world and 12th in the United States.


Last seasons


  • National League 2018 – 2nd position
  • National League 2019 – 3rd position


In the decade of 2010s, the cubs have won a total of 817 matches with a winning percentage of .504.


The Cub’s Post-COVID 19 Strategy


The cubs have had consistent and overwhelming performance till the last season but COVID 19 the world pandemic had changed the entire scenario. Not only the game but the entire franchise is in big trouble.


It has been projected that the cubs will lose 199 million US dollars with prorated player’s salaries before taking into consideration the interest taxes and other factors. A plan of revenue sharing with the players in the upcoming years has put been forward to the players by the owner but the players have balked the proposal.


The most crucial problem that has shaken the management is two official of the club has been tested COVID positive. This has played a devastating impact on club management and the players. Due to lockdown declared by the government, the spring season has been postponed and there is no clear picture of when it can restart. As notified by the state authority matches can be conducted but there shall not be any physical viewer.


Meanwhile, Major League is busy preparing a large number of contingency plans in coordination with the related clubs regarding the schedule of 2020 and it will declare them soon.


Not only the cubs but other clubs are also facing huge losses. Hope we stand together and pray for a better tomorrow. May we soon see our baseball clubs in their regular activities and the Chicago Cubs roar again.

The Chicago Cubs is the King of Baseball Clubs. Formerly, known as Chicago White Stockings, started its journey in the year 1870 with their then owner and President William Hulbert. In 1876, it joined the National League (NL) as a charter member. Soon they emerged as a top team in the NL Central Division.


Apart from playing home matches, it even competed in Major League Baseball. Some of the notable players of the team were pitcher Albert Spalding, infielders Deacon White, Ross Barnes, and Adrian Cap Anson.


White Stockings earned back-to-back pennants in the year 1880 and 1881. They were awarded the pennant for the third consecutive year in 1882. Between 1876 and 1886 the Cubs won six pennants under Anson as a player and manager. Soon they got nicknamed as Anson’s Colts or Chicago Colts. To be noted Anson created history by collecting 3000 career hits as the first player.


Owners and managers changed but the club went on with their success.




William Hulbert was the owner of the Chicago Cubs. After Hulbert’s death, Spalding became the owner, and Anson became the player-manager. In 1914, after obtaining large shares of the club, Albert Lasker became the owner. Bill Wrigley after securing a huge stock of the Cubs became the majority owner in 1916. Presently, Thomas S Ricketts is the owner.


General Managers


At the early stage, the club did not have any official managers. Charles Webber was the first one to hold the post of general manager in the year 1934. Since then there are 13 mangers except the 2 interims.


  1. Charles Webber: 1934-1940
  2. James Gallagher: 1940-1949
  3. Wid Matthews: 1950-1956
  4. John Holland: 1957-1975
  5. Satty Sattwell: 1976
  6. Bob Kennedy: 1977-1981
  7. Dallas Green: 1981-1987
  8. Jim Frey: 1987-1991
  9. Larry Himes: 1991-1994
  10. Ed Lynch: 1994-2000
  11. Andy Mac Phail: 2000-2002
  12. Jim Hendry: 2002-2011
  13. Jed Hoyer: 2011-Till Date


League Affiliations


  • National League – 1876 to present
  • Central Division – 1994 to present
  • East Division – 1969 to 1993


Evolution of the Club’s Name


  • Chicago White Stockings:- 1976-1889
  • Chicago Colts:- 1890-1897
  • Chicago Orphans:- 1898-1902
  • Chicago Cubs:- 1903- present


Major League Titles


It has won major World Series titles in 1907, 1908, and 2016; apart from Central Division Titles, East Division Titles, National League Pennants, and more.


World Ranking


The Chicago Cubs are ranked as the 16th most valuable sports team in the world, 12th in the US, 3rd in the MLB, and the first in the city of Chicago as of 2018.







It stands opposite to the word violence. The word was first coined by French peace campaigner and lawyer Emile Arnaud. It was later adopted in 1902, at the tenth Universal Peace Congress held at the Glasgow city in the United Kingdom. In India, it is known as ‘Ahimsa’.

As per John the Apostle through the verse 14.27 it is mentioned “Peace I leave with you: my peace I give to you. Not as the world gives do I give to you. Let not your hearts be troubled, neither let them be afraid.”


Pacifism leads to Pacifist and they are formed due to various reasons:-

  • Believing that war is ineffective and wasteful.
  • Strong religious faith.
  • Believing in the safety of the human race irrespective of religious faith.

The list is huge but mentioning some of the eminent pacifists from across the world are:-

  • Albert Einstein
  • John Lennon
  • Mahatma Gandhi
  • Oscar Wilde
  • Martin Luther King Junior
  • Hellen Keller
  • Leo Tolstoy
  • Tenzin Gyasto, the 14th Dalai Lama
  • Malala Yousafazi

Types of Pacifism

Absolute Pacifism:

This type of pacifist believes that it is not correct to take part in the war and not even in self-defense. They give high value to human life and believe that nothing can justify the killing. They stick to the principle that even an innocent person who is attacked and killed will not be rescued. Rescuing the attacked person is considered unethical. They are following strong moral principles and it makes them unaware of the results of war or violence. They argue that violence leads to worse results than non-violence.

Conditional Pacifism:

They are also against war and violence but they accept the fact that in certain circumstances war will be less destructive. They generally follow the Utilitarian principles where the consequences are considered worse than war.

Selective Pacifism:

This category of the pacifist is a bit different and they oppose war involving nuclear or chemical weapons and mass destruction. They consider that these types of weapons lead to devastating consequences. This type of war causes after-effects and for which the human race needs to pay a huge cost.

Active Pacifism:

Active pacifists are highly involved with political activity and promote peace and argue against particular wars. They actively take part in reducing the harm of war and renders supports to the country during this time. Most of the democratic countries are following this path of pacifism.






A Tour of the Taxation World with Rick Kelo


Rick Kelo works as the Head Recruiter of TaxScout.  He caters to the figure out the lower future turn over, increase in the retention rate, compensation programs, challenging top performers and market evaluation of a particular company. The company specializes in career level searches and has top rated experience in searching for a hiring requirement. TaxScout specialize in Federal tax, state and local taxes and international taxes. It is a tax-only recruiting company. The company caters to the different hiring needs and ensures that a company gets a secure success quotient.


Rick Kelo has commendable knowledge in the field of finance. He has obtained his graduation degree in General engineering from the United States Military Academy at West Point. He has completed his post-graduation in finance from the University of Illinois at Chicago. He has worked as a corporate recruiter for many companies. He looks after the financial requirements of the various companies, and creates candidate databases to sync with OFFCCP. Rick Kelo has detailed knowledge about the history of taxation, since he has spent considerable time in the finance sector.


The British had levied many unjust taxes during their reign in the colonies. The Stamp act requires all legal documents, wills, permits, in the colonies to carry s tax stamp. The Stamp Tax was issued in 1785 and was withdrawn after severe protests. The Tea Act which led to the occurrence of the Boston Tea Party in 1773 was also an unjust act imposed by the British. The people were furious because of the extra taxes which were imposed on tea and they dropped several cartons of tea were dropped into the sea at Boston Harbor. The Boston Tea Party invited the outbreak of Revolutionary War in 1775.


Rick Kelo

The inhabitants of America were represented in the government by their congressmen and senators. The residents of Washington D.C were not represented in the government. The license plates of the residents of Washington D.C portrayed that they were paying taxes without being represented in the government. The war between north and South Congress broke out in 1861 and income taxes were levied to fund the war. The income tax was placed under the Revenue Act of 1861 and the Tariff Act was also given the status of income tax.


Rick Kelo has obtained a sound knowledge about the economic conditions of his country. He also has the knowledge about personal finances and is aware of the methods involved in managing the personal finances.

When we talk about the topic of freedom in the Western world, it most often conjures strong feelings. Especially in the United States, land of the free, the concept of freedom seems paramount to our nationality identity. We express our freedom of religion, press, and peaceful assembly, among others, every day in how we choose to live our lives. But few Americans stop think about where our freedom actually comes from. The Western philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau believed that freedom is an inherent quality, part of the individual, and a presupposition as to what it means to be human. But is this really the case? Is freedom an innate part of our human nature? Or is it something that we have constructed for ourselves out of enlightened ideals?Richard Arthur Kelo

According to a paper by economist, financial expert, and blogger Richard Arthur Kelo, Is Human Freedom a Natural Thing?, “freedom of the individual is something that has been allowed to happen because of the rise of capitalism. Under a free market economy, the individual now has more powers as they can contribute to the ideas that large corporations make through choice of product”. This type of “capitalist” freedom is fairly apparent in the way that most individuals go about making purchases, and most companies respond to these purchases. The entire goal of any organization is to provide a product or service that individuals will choose over competitors. This builds the company’s reputation, drives sales, and ensures its future success.

But is this genuine freedom? Is choosing between two options really freedom, or are we limited in the sense that we only have two choices? The bauty of capitalism is that such markets respond to these questions fairly well. If consumers want a third, different option, someone will step forward to fill that desire. Thus creating more options for customers, more “freedom”. However, as consumers we are still reliant on others to put options before us and rarely do we have the economic means or skills to provide for ourselves. This is a product of our industrialized and technologically advanced society. It is impossible to except an elementary school teacher to build a computer for herself, so she goes out and buys one instead.

According to Richard Arthur Kelo—on Dailymotion and a variety of other blogging platforms—“freedom is something that has been enabled over time rather than eroded from an original right”. Instead of being born with the inherent freedom that many believe we possess, we have actually carefully constructed our freedom through capitalism. Enabling individuals to purchase things, rather than provide them for themselves, has made it possible for individuals to pursue careers such as the arts, without having to grow their own food or make their own clothes.

In most states around the country, students are required to spend 900 hours in school each year. Given that most students enter the public school system around five-years-old and leave when they are usually eighteen, according to Reference.com, this means that the average individual is spending fifteen percent of their life in school. And that’s not factoring in continuing education or preschool. Despite this staggering statistic, very few students graduating with a degree have even a basic understanding of personal finance and economics. Many experts agree that our school system is more than slightly outdated in this respect and that some of life’s most valuable skills are being ignored in favor of material that is largely irrelevant to most people. Couple this with the fact that personal finance is extremely important, especially for recent graduates, and there is a significant portion of the population that is loRichard Arthur Kelosing money and making poor financial decisions.

Financial expert and economics blogger Rick Kelo (on YouTube and other social media outlets) is one of the rare individuals who is stepping in and educating people on topics about finances. He has personal website (rickkelo.org), that explains many important topics about our economy including, “The Minimum Wage Issue”, “What is the Optimal Progressive Tax?”, “Answering for the 2008 Global Economic Crash”, and “Free Market Capitalism and the Drive Towards Progress”. As a source of information on the current state of the economy, blogs like this are a means for young people to learn more about the world around them and engage with relevant and modern economic issues through easy to read, yet informative articles.

There are also a number of books out there that are crucial for young people trying to get a grip on their personal finances. In an article published by Business Insider, they listed 11 Personal Finance Books Everyone Should Read Before Turning 30. These books include “The Millionaire Next Door” by Thomas J. Stanley and William Danko. This book is based on more than 20 years of research into seven key characteristics that explain how America’s millionaires got rich. There is also “Think Fast and Slow” by Daniel Kahneman, a book directed at younger readers that explains how personal finance is nothing but a serious of decisions and describes what drives people to make the decisions that they make.

For more information about Rick Kelo, or other reading material about personal finance, visit his blog or a number of other websites that contain his articles.

One of the luxuries of the modern era is the freedom we have in shaping the way in which people view us. The growing importance of social media such as Twitter, Facebook, Snapchat, and LinkedIn allows individuals to filter their lives into an online profile that only reflects what we want the world to know about us. We publish our insightful comments, not our unintelligent ones. We share pictures of our triumphs, not Rick Keloof our failures. And we list positive job experiences, not the ones that would blemish our professional image. This luxury is a reflection of our human tendency to want people to view us in our best light. It also reflects the increasing demand that individuals face to broadcast themselves and their lives on the web. Looking at the differences between our online selves and our real life selves is an interesting examination of the effects that social media has on how we view ourselves.

For millennials, the internet is a comfortable sphere. Not only do they use it to find jobs and news about what is going on in the world, they also use it as a social network. It is an area to meet new people, chat with friends, and share their personalities with a wider audience. In contrast to older generations and their online presence, millennials are often viewed as superficial and undiscerning in the way that they present themselves. But they use social media to share real news, Tweeting about the issues in their local communities and their thoughts about our national politics and economics. In this sense, everyone benefits from the use of social media by industry experts such as Richard Kelo on YouTube. He posts informative videos about the current climate of our national economy and uses this social media outlet to educate individuals. In turn, users have the ability to share this information with their wider spheres of influence, propagating important knowledge and insights about useful topics.

Older generations benefit from social media because it is an opportunity for them to share their hard-earned experiences and insights with a global community. Younger generations benefit from having this information on their dashboards and incorporate the lessons of their family and friends into their daily live. For more information about Richard Arthur Kelo and his views on politics and finance, you can visit his websites or social media outlets. Just don’t forget to share the information on yours as well.

There is an obvious correlation between age and leadership positions and skills. This is a no brainer and reflects the importance that experience plays in understanding the world around us. However, correlation does not necessarily imply causation, and age alone is not a deciding factor when it comes to identifying great leadership. Leadership is about talking the talk, and walking the walk. Many older individuals have the skills and practical knowledge necessary to change our society for the better, but they could take a leaf out of the millennial book when it comes to getting their word out there. Millennials are experts when it comes to being heard. Unfortunately, they have not had the decades of experience that generations before them have used to learn the realities of life. But there is no denying that when it comes to disseminating information and expressing their opinions, millennials are miles ahead of their parents and grandparents, despite being so much younger.

For financial expert, Rick Kelo, using online presence as a social service is part of what has made him such an importRichard Arthur Keloant figure in the economic sphere. Not only does he write and publish articles on his personal blogs, he uses social media outlets as a source of connecting with a wider audience of individuals. There is a reason that important figures such as the FBI, White House, UN, and World Bank have Twitter accounts and Facebook profiles. Social media is an important tool for communicating with society and a wider audience across the globe. Print media is fine, but in the time it takes to get to and cover, edit, and print something into a newspaper or magazine, the topic is old news. Of course, the issue is recursive in the sense that the rise in technology has progressed news to the point where the use of modern technology is the only means of spreading information quickly enough. And print media will always exist as a source of literature and ongoing journalism.

However, in our political and global landscape, which is more fast-paced than ever before, those leaders who have embraced technologies such as social media and mobile apps have a decided advantage over their competition that has not. The reputation of Rick Kelo, the outspoken blogger questioning the modern age, existed before he took to web. However, there is no denying that blogging as a tool for reaching his audience has helped to build his reputation further.

Rick Kelo, Chicago area tax expert, answers the often-asked question about the different types of bankruptcy filings; Chapter 7, Chapter 11 and Chapter 13. Kelo received his MBA from the University of Illinois at Chicago in 2006, graduating Magna Cum Laude with a focus in Finance. He is currently an Executive Recruiter with TaxScout, the nation’s premier tax search firm placing tax professionals in companies across the country.

Bankruptcy is no longer the unspoken word, whispered in the back rooms of offices and houses. It now gives people and companies a fresh start, who are struggling with insurmountable debt and non-stop calls from creditors. Kelo stresses that every case is different, but the most common forms of bankruptcy are Chapter 7, Chapter 11 and Chapter 13. But, what is the difference? Your tax expert is well versed in the difference, but this overview will give you a starting point.Richard Arthur Kelo

Broadly, Chapter 7 bankruptcy is a liquidation of property and assets, and the proceeds going to the creditors to pay off or begin to pay off debts. Chapter 7 can be used by any individual or company, no matter the amount of debt. There are, however, restrictions on income levels. It is best to speak to your tax professional.

Chapter 11 bankruptcy is a reorganization method, where the debtor wants to keep his or her assets and continue business, but can not under the current structure. In Chapter 11, the debtor proposes a plan to repay those he owes money to, either in full or in part. Each creditor must agree with the plan separately.

Finally, the final most common type of bankruptcy is Chapter 13. After the housing crisis of the mid 2000s, many families filed for Chapter 13, and it was national news as more families than ever before filed for Chapter 13 instead of losing their homes. Chapter 13 is only available to individuals, not businesses, and allows the debtor to catch up on the amount in arrears thru a plan set forth in their filing.

Bankruptcy laws are quite difficult to navigate, and should be used only as a last resort. They are not to be taken lightly, and Rick Kelo advises everyone to speak in depth to their tax professional as they weigh the decision to file bankruptcy or not. It is not a decision to be taken lightly, and companies are strongly advised to discuss the implications with a tax professional.